The reasons for the formation of stones in the urinary tract of women have not been fully clarified. It is known that the silk ligatures left during the operation are rapidly impregnated with salts and can become the basis for the formation of stone. Small stones of the bladder can easily be excreted in the urine due to the width and shortness of the female urethra. Kidney stones( renal pelvis) and ureters give a picture of renal colic with a wide variety of clinical symptoms. The main symptom of the stones of the renal pelvis is the hematuria of various intensity, caused by the injury of the mucous pelvis with a displaced stone;a frequent symptom is pyuria - a sign of infection in urolithiasis.
Stones of the ureter can simulate inflammatory diseases of the tubes or ectopic pregnancy. Stones in the bladder, ureters and pelvis can be recognized by radiography, and for its success requires good preparation of the intestine, and in case of failure - urethropylyography, chromocystoscopy( in the presenc
e of pelvis stones, the discharge of colored liquid is delayed).
Therapy for bladder stones is a stone crushing;when the stones of the ureter are used to remove them operatively. Kidney stone disease is successfully treated at the resorts of Truskavets( medicinal water "Naftusya");if unsuccessful, pyelogomy is used.
Foreign bodies enter the bladder and urethra almost exclusively during masturbation.
Head pins, pins, douching tips, enema tips, pencils were found in the bladder or urethra. Less frequent were fragments of a glass or rubber catheter that fell into the release of urine. It is very rare to get a hair or teeth from the dermoid cyst that opens into the bladder when it gets suppurated. For the diagnosis of foreign bodies, radiography is used( better in different planes).Extract small foreign bodies through the urethra;when impossible - open the bladder.
More in this article Foreign bodies of the bladder in women