Main diseases of the bladder in women

Category Beauty And Health | August 12, 2017 18:13

diseases of the bladder - is not uncommon.But some of them are more often than others.And what are the most common?Let us find out!

So which of the bladder disease are the most common?

Cystitis Cystitis - this is perhaps the most common disease is an inflammation of the mucous membranes of the bladder.Most often it occurs in women, which is associated with some of the structural features of the female urogenital system.

main manifestations:

  • aching pain in the lower abdomen;
  • frequent urination;
  • feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder even after urination;
  • cutting pain when urinating;
  • discoloration of urine (usually darkening) blood in it;
  • fever.

The most common causes of cystitis are infection.Pathogenic microorganisms can get into the bladder of the intestine or genitalia.

For the treatment of cystitis in the majority of cases are assigned antibiotics (if the cause of inflammation is a bacterial infection), antispasmodics, which eliminate the spasm of the bladder wall, and

thereby help to get rid of such symptoms as frequent urination.Also, the diet should be followed.Excluded from the diet drinks that irritate the mucous membrane of the bladder (coffee, tea, juices) and foods with diuretic properties (mainly berries).

Stones in the bladder

Stones in the bladder also occur quite often.

main symptoms which indicate the presence of stones:

  • frequent urination;
  • pain during urination (often quite strong, cutting);
  • presence of released urine sediment, sand, blood impurities;
  • occurrence of edema and the associated increase in blood pressure;
  • interrupted urine flow;
  • need for application of efforts in the act of urination;
  • inability to empty the bladder even during strong urge.

For reasons of stone formation include inflammatory diseases of the genitourinary system, the disease characterized by metabolic disturbances, as well as an unhealthy diet (stones can be formed with an excess in the body of certain substances coming from food).

To eliminate bladder stones today are used as methods of conservative and radical.The former includes various procedures for stone fragmentation and removal (e.g., by sonication).

also used some medication drugs, such as diuretics, antispasmodics, antibiotics.If the stones are of impressive size, you will need surgery.In addition, in most cases, required to comply individually selected diet specialist.

Giperativny bladder

Overactive Bladder - a disease in which there are uncontrollable contraction of the bladder wall, leading to a strong and sudden urge to urinate and sometimes the subsequent release of urine.

main symptom of the disease - is emerging suddenly the urge to urinate.They appear suddenly and often.Sometimes the desire to urinate is so strong that keep urine is very difficult, which leads to her dripping.

Causes hyperactivity is not exactly established, but the negative factors of influence may include certain diseases and injuries of the spinal or brain (multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, stroke, etc.), urinary system diseases or neoplastic processes, and taking certain medications.

treatment of this unusual disease should be aimed at eliminating its causes and relieving symptoms.So, to restore the normal functioning of the bladder wall may help some of the exercises and physiotherapy treatments (eg, neuromodulation - stimulating current).Efficiency can be drug treatment, which includes a reception sadativnyh funds and antispasmodics.

doctor may recommend a diet intended to exclude from the diet drinks and foods that irritate the mucous membranes of the bladder wall.In extreme cases, surgery is indicated.

Tumors

Bladder tumors also occur frequently, but fortunately, among them is dominated by benign and malignant are found only in 5-10% of all cases.The most common neoplasms: polyps, hemangioma, papilloma, adenoma, pheochromocytoma.

main signs of the tumor in the bladder:

  • discomfort, distension, pain in the lower abdomen;
  • frequent urination;
  • difficulty urinating;
  • interrupted urine flow;
  • in the urine;
  • painful urination;
  • leak urine;
  • feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder.

surgery is required when any of the tumor.If the tumor is malignant, then you may need chemotherapy or radiation.

Other diseases

Other diseases of the bladder, is less common:

  • Tuberculosis of the bladder is often a complication of pulmonary tuberculosis or kidney.Symptoms may be absent, treatment should include antibiotics reception.
  • leukoplakia - a condition in which there is a change in the structure of the mucous membranes of the bladder wall, which resulted in some of their areas rogoveyut and stiffen.The causes include chemical or mechanical effects.The symptoms: frequent urination, discomfort and pain.Therapy should be aimed at eliminating the causes of disease and the removal of keratinized areas.
  • Cystocele - prolapse of the bladder that occurs most frequently in women after numerous or complicated by birth.The main symptoms include dribbling of urine, frequent urination.The most effective method of treatment - surgery.
  • atony - a disease in which the weakened wall of the bladder.There is a condition due to damage to the nerve fibers, extending from the bladder to the spinal cord.The most common cause - spinal injury, resulting in damage to the spinal cord.Tags: permanent overflow bladder, lack of urination, urine leakage, weak stream, delayed start of urination.For treatment applied exercises procedures myotropic drugs, antidepressants, and anticholinergics.The extreme measure - surgery.

Be careful to notice the disease.